ମୁଖ୍ୟ ସୂଚୀ ଦେଖିବେ

ଆୟୋଡ଼ିନ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Iପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୫୩ ଅଟେ ।

Iodine,  53I
Sample of iodine.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକiodine, I
Appearancelustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈ.ədn/ EYE-ə-dyn,
/ˈ.ədɪn/ EYE-ə-dən,
or /ˈ.ədn/ EYE-ə-deen
Iodine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Br

I

At
telluriumiodinexenon
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)53
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 17 (halogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 5
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  halogen
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar)126.90447
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ386.85 K ​(113.7 °C, ​236.66 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ457.4 K ​(184.3 °C, ​363.7 °F)
Density near r.t.4.933 g/cm3
Triple point386.65 K, ​12.1 kPa
Critical point819 K, 11.7 MPa
Heat of fusion(I2) 15.52 kJ/mol
Heat of (I2) 41.57 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(I2) 54.44 J/(mol·K)
 pressure (rhombic)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 260 282 309 342 381 457
Atomic properties
Oxidation states7, 5, 3, 1, -1
(strongly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.66
Atomic radiusempirical: 140 pm
Covalent radius139±3 pm
Van der Waals radius198 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for iodine
Thermal conductivity0.449 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity1.3×107 Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୧]
Bulk modulus7.7 GPa
CAS Number7553-56-2
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରBernard Courtois (1811)
First isolationBernard Courtois (1811)
Most stable isotopes of iodine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
123I syn 13 h ε, γ 0.16 123Te
124I syn 4.176 d ε - 124Te
125I syn 59.40 d ε - 125Te
127I 100% 127I is stable with 74 neutrons
129I trace 1.57×107 y β 0.194 129Xe
131I syn 8.02070 d β, γ 0.971 131Xe
135I syn 6.57 h β - 135Xe
| references

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ଆଧାରସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

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