ମୁଖ୍ୟ ସୂଚୀ ଦେଖିବେ

ବ୍ରୋମିନ (ଗ୍ରୀକ: βρῶμος, ବ୍ରୋମୋସ୍ରୁ ଅସିଛି,ମାନେ "ଉତ୍କଟ-ଗନ୍ଧ" ବା "strong-smelling" ବା "stench")[୨] ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Brପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୫ ଅଟେ ।

Bromine,  35Br
Bromine 25ml.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକbromine, Br
Appearancegas/liquid: red-brown
solid: metallic luster
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈbrmn/ BROH-meen
or /ˈbrmɪn/ BROH-min
Bromine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Cl

Br

I
seleniumbrominekrypton
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)35
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 17 (halogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  halogen
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)79.904(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
per shell
2, 8, 18, 7
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାliquid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ265.8 K ​(-7.2 °C, ​19 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ332.0 K ​(58.8 °C, ​137.8 °F)
Density near r.t.(Br2, liquid) 3.1028 g/cm3
Critical point588 K, 10.34 MPa
Heat of fusion(Br2) 10.571 kJ/mol
Heat of (Br2) 29.96 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(Br2)
75.69 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 185 201 220 244 276 332
Atomic properties
Oxidation states7, 5, 4, 3, 1, -1
(strongly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.96
Atomic radiusempirical: 120 pm
Covalent radius120±3 pm
Van der Waals radius185 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for bromine
Speed of sound(20°C) 206 m/s
Thermal conductivity0.122 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity7.8×1010 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୧]
CAS Number7726-95-6
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରAntoine Jérôme Balard and Leopold Gmelin (1825)
First isolationAntoine Jérôme Balard and Leopold Gmelin (1825)
Most stable isotopes of bromine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
79Br 50.69% 79Br is stable with 44 neutrons
81Br 49.31% 81Br is stable with 46 neutrons
| references

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ଆଧାରସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  2. Turner, Edward (1828). Elements of chemistry: including the recent discoveries and doctrines of the science. p. 467. The name first applied to it by its discoverer is muride; but it has since been changed to brome..from the Greek βρῶμος signifying a strong or rank odour. This appellation may in the English language be properly converted into that of Bromine.

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