ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ବିଜେତା

ବିଶ୍ୱରେ ପ୍ରତିଭା ସମ୍ପନ୍ନ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିମାନଙ୍କୁ ଯେତେଗୁଡିଏ ପୁରସ୍କାର ଦିଆଯିବାର ବ୍ୟବସ୍ଥା ରହିଛି ତନ୍ମଧ୍ୟରେ ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ହେଉଛି ବିଶ୍ୱର ସର୍ବଶ୍ରେଷ୍ଠ ପୁରସ୍କାର। ଶାନ୍ତି,ଚିକିତ୍ସା,ସାହିତ୍ୟ,ପଦାର୍ଥ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ,ରସାୟନ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ ଏବଂ ଅର୍ଥନୀତି କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ ଯେ କୈଣସି ଦେଶ ଓ ଜାତିର ଯୋଗ୍ୟବିବେଚିତ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିଙ୍କୁ ଏହି ବାର୍ଷିକ ପୁରସ୍କାର ଦିଆଯାଏ। ପ୍ରଥମ ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ବିଜେତା ମେରୀ କ୍ୟୁରୀ ଥିଲେ ଏବେ ୨୦୧୫ ମସିହାରେ ମଲାଲା ୟୁସୂଫଜୈ ପାଇଛନ୍ତି।

ସମସ୍ଥ ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ବିଜେତା


Year Image Laureate Country Category Rationale
1903   Skłodowska-Curie, MarieMarie Skłodowska-Curie
(shared with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel)
Poland and France Physics "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"[୧]
1905   Suttner, Bertha vonBertha von Suttner Austria–Hungary Peace Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau, Bern, Switzerland; Author of Lay Down Your Arms.[୨]
1909   Lagerlof, SelmaSelma Lagerlöf Sweden Literature "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[୩]
1911   Curie-Skłodowska, MarieMarie Curie-Skłodowska Poland and France Chemistry "for her discovery of radium and polonium"[୪]
1926   Deledda, GraziaGrazia Deledda Italy Literature "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[୫]
1928   Undset, SigridSigrid Undset Norway Literature "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[୬]
1931   Addams, JaneJane Addams
(shared with Nicholas Murray Butler)
United States Peace Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[୭]
1935   Joliot-Curie, IreneIrène Joliot-Curie
(shared with Frédéric Joliot-Curie)
France Chemistry "for their synthesis of new radioactive elements"[୮]
1938   Buck, Pearl S.Pearl S. Buck United States Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[୯]
1945   Mistral, GabrielaGabriela Mistral Chile Literature "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[୧୦]
1946   Balch, Emily GreeneEmily Greene Balch
(shared with John Raleigh Mott)
United States Peace Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[୧୧]
1947   Cori, Gerty TheresaGerty Theresa Cori
(shared with Carl Ferdinand Cori and Bernardo Houssay)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"[୧୨]
1963   Goeppert-Mayer, MariaMaria Goeppert-Mayer
(shared with J. Hans D. Jensen and Eugene Wigner)
United States Physics "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"[୧୩]
1964 ଫାଇଲ:Dorothy Hodgkin Nobel.jpg Hodgkin, Dorothy CrowfootDorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin United Kingdom Chemistry "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"[୧୪]
1966   Sachs, NellyNelly Sachs
(shared with Samuel Agnon)
Sweden and Germany Literature "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[୧୫]
1976   Williams, BettyBetty Williams United Kingdom Peace Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)[୧୬]
  Corrigan, MaireadMairead Corrigan
1977   Sussman Yalow, RosalynRosalyn Sussman Yalow
(shared with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"[୧୭]
1979   Teresa, MotherMother Teresa India and
Peace Leader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta.[୧୮]
1982   Myrdal, AlvaAlva Myrdal
(shared with Alfonso García Robles)
Sweden Peace Former Cabinet Minister; Diplomat; Writer.[୧୯]
1983   McClintock, BarbaraBarbara McClintock United States Physiology or Medicine "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"[୨୦]
1986   Levi-Montalcini, RitaRita Levi-Montalcini
(shared with Stanley Cohen)
Italy and
United States
Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of growth factors"[୨୧]
1988   Elion, Gertrude B.Gertrude B. Elion
(shared with James W. Black and George H. Hitchings)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"[୨୨]
1991   Gordimer, NadineNadine Gordimer South Africa Literature "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[୨୩]
  Suu Kyi, Aung SanAung San Suu Kyi Burma Peace "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[୨୪]
1992   Menchu, RigobertaRigoberta Menchú Guatemala Peace "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[୨୫]
1993   Morrison, ToniToni Morrison United States Literature "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[୨୬]
1995   Nusslein-Volhard, ChristianeChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(shared with Edward B. Lewis and Eric F. Wieschaus)
Germany Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"[୨୭]
1996   Szymborska, WislawaWisława Szymborska Poland Literature "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[୨୮]
1997   Williams, JodyJody Williams
(shared with the International Campaign to Ban Landmines)
United States Peace "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[୨୯]
2003   Ebadi, ShirinShirin Ebadi Iran Peace "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"[୩୦]
2004   Jelinek, ElfriedeElfriede Jelinek Austria Literature "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[୩୧]
  Maathai, WangariWangari Maathai Kenya Peace "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[୩୨]
  Buck, Linda B.Linda B. Buck
(shared with Richard Axel)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"[୩୩]
2007   Lessing, DorisDoris Lessing United Kingdom Literature "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[୩୪]
2008   Barre-Sinoussi, FrancoiseFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
(shared with Harald zur Hausen and Luc Montagnier)
France Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of HIV, human immunodeficiency virus"[୩୫]
2009   Blackburn, ElizabethElizabeth Blackburn
(shared with Jack W. Szostak)
Australia and United States Physiology or Medicine "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"[୩୬]
  Greider, Carol W.Carol W. Greider
(shared with Jack W. Szostak)
United States
  Yonath, Ada E.Ada E. Yonath
(shared with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz)
Israel Chemistry "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"[୩୭]
  Muller, HertaHerta Müller Germany and Romania Literature "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[୩୮]
  Ostrom, ElinorElinor Ostrom
(shared with Oliver E. Williamson)
United States Economics "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[୩୯]
2011   Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf Liberia Peace "For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[୪୦]
  Gbowee, LeymahLeymah Gbowee
  Karman, TawakelTawakel Karman Yemen


Munro, AliceAlice Munro Canada Literature "master of the contemporary short story"[୪୧]


Moser, May-BrittMay-Britt Moser
(shared with Edvard Moser and John O'Keefe)
Norway Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"[୪୨]
  Yousafzai, MalalaMalala Yousafzai
(shared with Kailash Satyarthi)
Pakistan Peace "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".[୪୩]
2015   Youyou, TuTu Youyou
(shared with William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura)
China Physiology or Medicine "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria (artemisinin)"[୪୪]
  Alexievich, SvetlanaSvetlana Alexievich Belarus Literature "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"[୪୫]
2018   Strickland, DonnaDonna Strickland
(shared with Gérard Mourou and Arthur Ashkin)
Canada Physics "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses"[୪୬]
  Arnold, FrancesFrances Arnold
(shared with Gregory Winter and George Smith)
United States Chemistry "for the directed evolution of enzymes"[୪୭]
  Murad, NadiaNadia Murad
(shared with Denis Mukwege)
Iraq Peace "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"[୪୮]
  Tokarczuk, OlgaOlga Tokarczuk Poland Literature "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life"[୪୯]


Duflo, EstherEsther Duflo
(shared with Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer)
France and United States Economics "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"[୫୦]
2020 Ghez, Andrea M.Andrea M. Ghez
(shared with Reinhard Genzel and Roger Penrose)
United States Physics "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy"[୫୧]
  Charpentier, EmmanuelleEmmanuelle Charpentier
(shared with Jennifer Doudna)
France Chemistry "for the development of a method for genome editing"[୫୨]
  Doudna, JenniferJennifer Doudna
(shared with Emmanuelle Charpentier)
United States Chemistry "for the development of a method for genome editing"[୫୩]
  Glück, LouiseLouise Glück United States Literature "for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal"[୫୪]
  1. ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: ଅଚଳ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ; Physics1903 ନାମରେ ଥିବା ଆଧାର ଭିତରେ କିଛି ଲେଖା ନାହିଁ ।
  2. "Nobel Peace Prize 1905". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  3. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1909". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  4. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  5. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1926". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  6. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1928". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  7. "Nobel Peace Prize 1931". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  8. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  9. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1938". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  10. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1945". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  11. "Nobel Peace Prize 1946". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  12. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1947". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  13. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  14. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  15. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1966". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  16. "Nobel Peace Prize 1976". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  17. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1977". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  18. "Nobel Peace Prize 1979". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  19. "Nobel Peace Prize 1982". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  20. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1983". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  21. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  22. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  23. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1991". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  24. "Nobel Peace Prize 1991". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  25. "Nobel Peace Prize 1992". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  26. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  27. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1995". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  28. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1996". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  29. "Nobel Peace Prize 1997". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2012-09-09.
  30. "Nobel Peace Prize 2003". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  31. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2004". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  32. "Nobel Peace Prize 2004". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  33. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2004". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  34. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2007". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  35. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  36. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  37. "Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
  38. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-08.
  39. "Nobel Prize in Economics 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
  40. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2011". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  41. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2013" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  42. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
  43. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2014" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
  44. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
  45. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2015". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  46. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  47. "Nobel Prize in Chemistry Is Awarded to 3 Scientists for Using Evolution in Design of Molecules". Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  48. "Nobel Peace Prize for anti-rape activists Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege". Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  49. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2018". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  50. Nobel Prize 2019 nobelprize.org
  51. Nobel Prize 2020 nobelprize.org
  52. name="Nobel Chemistry Prize 2020" nobelprize.org
  53. name="Nobel Chemistry Prize 2020"nobelprize.org
  54. "Summary of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature".