ପାପୁଆ ନିଉ ଗିନି, (English: Papua New Guinea; PNG; /ˈpæpə nj ˈɡɪn/ PAP-pə-new-GHIN-ee; ଟୋକ୍ ପିସିନ୍‌: [Papua Niugini] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help); ହିରି ମୋଟୁ: Papua Niu Gini) ଓସେନିଆରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ ଅଟେ ।

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
  • Papua Niu Gini
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ: "Unity in diversity"[୧]
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ
O Arise, All You Sons [୨]
ରାଜଧାନୀPort Moresby
9°30′S 147°07′E / 9.500°S 147.117°E / -9.500; 147.117
Largest city Port Moresby
Official languages[୩]
ଜାତୀୟତା Papua New Guinean
ପ୍ରଶାସନ Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Michael Ogio
 -  Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
ବିଧାନମଣ୍ଡଳ National Parliament
Independence from Australia 
 -  Administrative union of
Papua & New Guinea
25 March 1949 
 -  Declared & recognised 16 September 1975 
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ ୪୬୨,୮୪୦ km2 (56th)
୧୭୮,୭୦୩ ବର୍ଗ ମି 
 -  ଜଳଭାଗ (%) 2
 -  2011 census preliminary ଆକଳନ 7,059,653[୪] (102nd)
 -  2000 census 5,190,783 
 -  ଘନତା 15/କିମି (201st)
୩୪.୬୨/ବର୍ଗ ମି
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (କ୍ରୟ ଶକ୍ତି ସମାନତା) 2013 ଅନୁମାନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $19.828 billion[୫] 
 -  ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା ହାର ହିସାବରେ $2,834[୫] 
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ଆକଳନ କରାଯାଇଥିବା) 2013 ଆକଳନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $15.973 billion[୫] 
 -  ପ୍ରତିଟି ମଣିଷ $2,283[୫] 
ଜିନି (1996) 50.9 
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2013) 0.491 (157th)
ମୁଦ୍ରା Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳ AEST (ଇଉଟିସି+10)
 -  ଖରାଦିନ (ଡ଼ିଏସଟି) not observed (ଇଉଟିସି+10)
(as of 2005)
ରାସ୍ତାର ଏପାଖରେ ଚାଲନ୍ତୁ left
ଇଣ୍ଟରନେଟ ଟିଏଲଡ଼ି .pg
ଫୋନ କୋଡ଼ +675

ଇତିହାସସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ରାଜନୀତିସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଅର୍ଥନୀତିସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ସଂସ୍କୃତିସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଶିକ୍ଷାସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଗମନା ଗମନସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଆଧାରସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  • Biskup, Peter, B. Jinks and H. Nelson. A Short History of New Guinea (1970)
  • Connell, John. Papua New Guinea: The Struggle for Development (1997) online
  • Gash, Noel. A Pictorial History of New Guinea (1975)
  • Golson, Jack. 50,000 years of New Guinea history (1966)
  • Griffin, James. Papua New Guinea: A political history (1979)
  • James, Paul; Nadarajah, Yaso; Haive, Karen; Stead, Victoria (2012). pdf download Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea Check |url= value (help). Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Knauft, Bruce M. South Coast New Guinea Cultures: History, Comparison, Dialectic (1993) excerpt and text search
  • McCosker, Anne. Masked Eden: A History of the Australians in New Guinea (1998)
  • Mckinnon, Rowan, et al. Papua New Guinea & Solomon Islands (Country Travel Guide) (2008) excerpt and text search
  • Swadling, Pamela (1996). Plumes from Paradise. Papua New Guinea National Museum. ISBN 9980-85-103-1.
  • Waiko. John. Short History of Papua New Guinea (1993)
  • Waiko, John Dademo. Papua New Guinea: A History of Our Times (2003)
  • Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura. Modern Papua New Guinea (1998) online

ପ୍ରମୁଖ ଉତ୍ସସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  • Jinks, Brian, ed. Readings in New Guinea history (1973)
  • Tim Flannery Throwim' Way Leg: Tree-Kangaroos, Possums, and Penis Gourds (2000) memoir excerpt and text search
  • Malinowski, Bronislaw. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea (2002) famous anthropological account of the Trobriand Islanders; based on field work in 1910s online
  • Visser, Leontine, ed. Governing New Guinea: An Oral History of Papuan Administrators, 1950–1990 (2012)
  • Whitaker, J.L. et al. eds. Documents and readings in New Guinea history: Pre-history to 1889 (1975)

ଟୀକାସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  1. Somare, Michael (6 December 2004). "Stable Government, Investment Initiatives, and Economic Growth". Keynote address to the 8th Papua New Guinea Mining and Petroleum Conference. Archived from the original on 2006-06-28. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  2. "Never more to rise". The National (February 6, 2006). Retrieved 19 January 2005.
  3. ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: ଅଚଳ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ; cia ନାମରେ ଥିବା ଆଧାର ଭିତରେ କିଛି ଲେଖା ନାହିଁ ।
  4. Population a concern[dead link] postcourier.com.pg (25 June 2013).
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ "Papua New Guinea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012.

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General information

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