ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ ଏକ ଦେଶ

Commonwealth of Australia

A blue field with the Union Flag in the upper hoist quarter, a large white seven-pointed star in the lower hoist quarter, and constellation of five white stars in the fly – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.
Coat of arms of Australia
Flag Coat of arms
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: "Advance Australia Fair[N ୧]
Location of Australia
ରାଜଧାନୀCanberra
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରSydney
ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷାNone[N ୨]
National languageEnglish (de facto)[N ୨]
ଜାତୀୟତା
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Quentin Bryce
Tony Abbott
Robert French
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳParliament
• ଉଚ୍ଚ ସଦନ
Senate
• ନିମ୍ନ ସଦନ
House of Representatives
Independence 
from the United Kingdom
1 January 1901
11 December 1931
9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
3 March 1986
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
୭,୬୯୨,୦୨୪ କି.ମି. (୨,୯୬୯,୯୦୭ sq mi) (6th)
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• ୨୦୨୧ estimate
୨,୬୨,୮୮,୯୪୨[୪] (52nd)
• 2011 census
21,507,717[୫]
• ଘନତା
୨.୮/କି.ମି. (୭.୩/sq mi) (233rd)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2013 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$998.265 billion[୬] (17th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$43,042[୬] (10th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2013 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$1.488 trillion[୬] (12th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$64,157[୬] (5th)
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (2006)30.5[୭]
medium
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2013)increase 0.938[୮]
very high · 2nd
ମୁଦ୍ରାAustralian dollar (AUD)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳUTC+8 to +10.5 (various[N ୩])
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8 to +11.5 (various[N ୩])
ତାରିଖ ସଜାଣିdd-mm-yyyy
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖleft
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼+61
Internet TLD.au

ଇତିହାସସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଭୂଗୋଳସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଧର୍ମସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ପ୍ରାଶାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଭାଷାସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

ଟୀକାସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  1. Australia's royal anthem is "God Save the Queen", played in the presence of a member of the Royal family when they are in Australia. In all other appropriate contexts, the national anthem of Australia, "Advance Australia Fair", is played.[୧]
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ English does not have de jure status.
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ There are minor variations from three basic time zones; see Time in Australia.

ଆଧାରସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ

  1. It's an Honour – Symbols – Australian National Anthem and DFAT – "The Australian National Anthem"; "National Symbols" (PDF). Parliamentary Handbook of the Commonwealth of Australia (29th ed.). 2002 (updated 2005). Retrieved 7 June 2007.
  2. See entry in the Macquarie Dictionary.
  3. Collins English Dictionary. Bishopbriggs, Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2009. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-00-786171-2.
  4. "Population clock". Australian Bureau of Statistics website. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 14 August 2013. The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at 00:00 UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation.
  5. Australian Bureau of Statistics (21 June 2012). "Australia". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  6. ୬.୦ ୬.୧ ୬.୨ ୬.୩ "Australia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  7. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
  8. "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). UN. 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.

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