"ସ୍ୱର୍ଣ୍ଣ ମନ୍ଦିର" ପୃଷ୍ଠାର ସଂସ୍କରଣ‌ଗୁଡ଼ିକ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ତଫାତ

 
=== ମୁଗଲ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟର ବିନାଶ ଏବଂ ପୁନର୍ନିମାଣ ===
ଗୁରୁ ଅର୍ଜନ ସିଂଙ୍କ ବଢି ଚାଲିଥିବା ପ୍ରଭାବ ଏବଂ ସଫଳତା ମୋଗଲ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟର ଧ୍ୟାନ ପ୍ରଭାବିତ କରିଥିଲା । ମୁଗଲ ସମ୍ରାଟ ଜାହାଙ୍ଗୀରର ଆଦେଶରେ ଗୁରୁ ଅର୍ଜନଙ୍କୁ ଗିରଫ କରା ଯାଇଥିଲା ଏବଂ ଇସ୍ଲାମ ଧର୍ମରେ ପରିବର୍ତିତ ହେବା ପାଇଁ କୁହା ଯାଇଥିଲା । ସେ ମନା କରିଥିଲେ ଓ ଅନେକ ପ୍ରତାଡନା ସହି ୧୬୦୦ ସିଇରେ ତାଙ୍କୁ ମାରି ଦିଆ ଯାଇଥିଲା ।<ref name="ps5">Pashaura Singh (2005), [http://www.global.ucsb.edu/punjab/journal_12_1/3_singh.pdf Understanding the Martyrdom of Guru Arjan], Journal of Punjab Studies, 12(1), pages 29-62</ref><ref name="McLeodp20">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=vgixwfeCyDAC|title=The A to Z of Sikhism|last=[[W.H. McLeod]]|publisher=Scarecrow Press|year=2009|isbn=9780810863446|page=20 (Arjan's Death)|quote="The Mughal rulers of the Punjab were evidently concerned with the growth of the Panth, and in 1605 the Emperor Jahangir made an entry in his memoirs, the ''Tuzuk-i-Jahāṅgīrī'', concerning Guru Arjan's support for his rebellious son [[Khusrau Mirza]]. Too many people, he wrote, were being persuaded by his teachings, and if the Guru would not become a Muslim the Panth had to be extinguished. Jahangir believed that Guru Arjan was a Hindu who pretended to be a saint, and that he had been thinking of forcing Guru Arjan to convert to Islam or his false trade should be eliminated, for a long time. Mughal authorities seem plainly to have been responsible for Arjan's death in custody in Lahore, and this may be accepted as an established fact. Whether death was by execution, the result of torture, or drowning in the Ravi River remains unresolved. For Sikhs, Arjan is the first martyr Guru."}}</ref><ref>Louis E. Fenech, Martyrdom in the Sikh Tradition, Oxford University Press, pp. 118-121</ref> ଗୁରୁ ଅର୍ଜନଙ୍କ ପୁତ୍ର ତଥା ଉତ୍ତରାଧିକାରୀ ଗୁରୁ ହରଗୋବିନ୍ଦ ଛଳନାରୁ ବଂଚିବା ଓ ଶିଖ ପଂଥ ମନଙ୍କ ରକ୍ଷ୍ୟା କରିବା ପାଇଁ ଅମୃତସର ଛାଡି ଶିବଙ୍କ ପାହାଡକୁ ପଳାୟନ କରିଥିଲେ ।{{Sfn|Louis E. Fenech|W. H. McLeod|2014|pp=146-147}}<div class="cx-overlay"><div class="cx-spinner"></div></div> ଗୁରୁ ଅର୍ଜନଙ୍କ ସହିଦ ହେବାର ଏକ ଶତାବ୍ଦୀ ପରେ ଲୁଇସ ଇ ଫେଂଏଚ ଓ ଡବ୍ଲ୍ୟୁ. ଏଚ. ମେକ୍ଲିଓଡ଼ ଉଲେଖ କରିଥିଲେ କି ସ୍ଵର୍ଣ୍ଣମନ୍ଦିର ଅସଲି ଶିଖ ଗୁରୁ ମାନଙ୍କ କବଜାରେ ନ ଥିଲା ଏବଂ ଏହା ସର୍ବଦା ଶତ୍ରୁତାପୂର୍ଣ ସମ୍ପ୍ରଦାୟିକତା ହାତରେ ଥିଲା.<ref name=eos/><ref name=runion70>{{cite book|author=M. L. Runion|title=The History of Afghanistan, 2nd Edition|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=aZk9XzqCFGUC |year=2017|publisher=Greenwood|isbn=978-0-313-33798-7|pages=69–71}}</ref> ୧୮ତମ ଶତାବ୍ଦୀ ରେ, ଗୁରୁ ଗୋବିନ୍ଦ ସିଂ ଓ ନୂତନ ସ୍ଥାପିତ ଖାଲସା ଶିଖ ମାନଙ୍କ ସହିତ ଫେରି ଆସିଥିଲେ ଏବଂ ଏହାକୁ ମୁକ୍ତ କରିବା ପାଇଁ ଲଢ଼ିଥିଲେ।<ref>{{Sfn|Louis E. Fenech|W. H. McLeod|2014|pp=146-147}}</ref> ସ୍ଵର୍ଣ୍ଣମନ୍ଦିର ମୁଗଲ ଶାସକ ଓ ଆଫଗାନ ସୁଲତାନ ମାନଙ୍କ ନଜରରେ ଶିଖ ଧର୍ମ ବିଶ୍ୱାସର କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଏବଂ ଏହା ଉତ୍ପୀଡ଼ନର ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଲକ୍ଷ୍ୟ ସ୍ଥଳ ରହି ଆସୁଥିଲା।<ref name="runion70">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=aZk9XzqCFGUC|title=The History of Afghanistan, 2nd Edition|last=M. L. Runion|publisher=Greenwood|year=2017|isbn=978-0-313-33798-7|pages=69–71}}, Quote: "Ahmad Durani was forced to return to India and [he] declared a jihad, known as an Islamic holy war, against the Marathas. A multitude of tribes heralded the call of the holy war, which included the various Pashtun tribes, the Balochs, the Tajiks, and also the Muslim population residing in India. Led by Ahmad Durrani, the tribes joined the religious quest and returned to India (...) The domination and control of the [Afghan] empire began to loosen in 1762 when Ahmad Shah Durrani crossed Afghanistan to subdue the Sikhs, followers of an indigenous monotheistic religion of India found in the 16th century by Guru Nanak. (...) Ahmad Shah greatly desired to subdue the Sikhs, and his army attacked and gained control of the Sikh's holy city of Amritsar, where he brutally massacred thousands of Sikh followers. Not only did he viciously demolish the sacred temples and buildings, but he ordered these holy places to be covered with cow's blood as an insult and desecration of their religion (...)"</ref>
 
ସ୍ଵର୍ଣ୍ଣମନ୍ଦିର ଶିଖ ଇତିହାସରେ ଐତିହାସିକ ଘଟଣାର କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଥିଲା:<ref name=eos/>{{sfn|Pardeep Singh Arshi|1989|pp=22–25}}{{sfn|Trudy Ring|Noelle Watson|Paul Schellinger|2012|pp=28-29}}
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