"ଗୋଆ" ପୃଷ୍ଠାର ସଂସ୍କରଣ‌ଗୁଡ଼ିକ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ତଫାତ

୧୩୨ ବାଇଟଗୁଡିକ ଯୋଡାଗଲା ,  ୪ ବର୍ଷ ପୂର୍ବେ
== ଭୂଗୋଳ ==
== ଇତିହାସ ==
{{ତିଆରି ଚାଲିଛି}}
[[File:Usgalimal.PNG|thumb|ଉସ୍‌ଗାଲିମାଲ୍‌ଠାରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ପଥର ଖୋଦେଇ ଚିତ୍ର]]
ଗୋଆର ଇତିହାସ ୨୦,୦୦୦ ରୁ ୩୦,୦୦୦ ବର୍ଷ ପୁରୁଣା । ଏହି ପଥର ଖୋଦେଇ ଭାରତରେ ପ୍ରାଚୀନ ମାନବ ସଭ୍ୟତାର ଚିହ୍ନ ବହନ କରେ ।<ref>{{cite book|last=Indian Archaeological Society|title=Purātattva, Issue 36|year=2006|publisher=Indian Archaeological Society}}</ref>{{rp|p.254}} [[Upper Paleolithic]] କିମ୍ବା [[Mesolithic]] ପଥର ଖୋଦେଇ ଚିତ୍ର, ଉସ୍‌ଗାଲିମାଲ୍‌ଠାରେ [[Kushavati]] ନଦୀ ତଟରେ ମିଳିଥିଲା ।<ref name=usgal>{{cite book|last=Kalyan Kumar Chakravarty, Robert G. Bednarik, Indirā Gāndhī Rāshṭrīya Mānava Saṅgrahālaya|title=Indian Rock Art and Its Global Context|year=1997|publisher=Motilal Banarsidass Publ.,|isbn= 9788120814646|pages=228 pages (see page 34)}}</ref> ୧୦,୦୦୦ ବର୍ଷ ପୁରୁଣା [[Petroglyph]]s, cones, stoneପଥର-axeକୁରାଢି, andଏବଂ choppers datingଗୋଆର toବିଭିନ୍ନ 10,000ସ୍ଥାନରୁ yearsମିଳିଛି ago have been found in many places in Goa, such asଯଥା- Kazur, Mauxim, andଏବଂ the [[Mandovi]]-[[Zuari]] basin.<ref name=axe>{{cite book|author1=C. R. Srinivasan |author2=K. V. Ramesh |author3=S. Subramonia Iyer |title=Śrī puṣpāñjali: Recent Researches in Prehistory, Protohistory, Art, Architecture, Numismatics, Iconography, and Epigraphy: Dr. C.R. Srinivasan commemoration volume, Volume 1|year=2004|publisher=Bharatiya Kala Prakashan,|isbn= 9788180900563|pages=469 pages (see page4)}}</ref> Evidence of [[Paleolithic|Palaeolithic]] life is seen at Dabolim, Adkon, Shigao, Fatorpa, Arli, Maulinguinim, Diwar, Sanguem, Pilerne, and Aquem-Margaon etc. Difficulty in carbon dating the laterite rock compounds poses a problem for determining the exact time period.<ref name=NIO>{{cite web|last=Sakhardande|first=Prajal|title=7th National Conference on Marine Archaeology of Indian Ocean Countries: Session V|url=http://www.nio.org/index.php?option=com_eventdisplay&task=view&tid=4&eid=32|work=Heritage and history of Goa|publisher=NIO Goa|accessdate=30 March 2011}}</ref>
[[File:Kadamba.PNG|left|thumb|Gold coins issued by the Kadamba king of Goa, Shivachitta Paramadideva. ''Circa'' 1147–1187 AD.]]
Early Goan society underwent radical change when [[Indo-Aryan peoples|Indo-Aryan]] and [[Dravidian people|Dravidian]] migrants amalgamated with the aboriginal locals, forming the base of early Goan culture.<ref name=dhume2>{{cite book|last=Dhume|first=Anant Ramkrishna|title=The cultural history of Goa from 10000 BC - 1352 AD|year=1986|publisher=Ramesh Anant S. Dhume|pages=355 pages (see pages 100–150)}}</ref>